W27 diagnoses all types of musculoskeletal problems affecting the joints, muscles and bones.

Sports injuries

  • Ligaments and tendon sprains – stretched or torn ligaments involving all limbs
  • Muscle strains – stretched or torn muscle fibres around the body
  • Stress injuries – stress responses in bones around the body
  • Trauma – fractures and dislocations of joints and subsequent soft tissue injuries
  • Back pain – soreness, tension or stiffness

Rheumatological conditions

  • Osteoarthritis – joint stiffness and pain caused by inflammation from a degenerative process
  • Rheumatoid arthritis – an inflammatory type of arthritis caused by your own immune system attacking the joints and its linings
  • Gout – a type of arthritis caused by too much uric acid in your blood. Usually affects the big toe
  • Ankylosing spondylitis – pain, stiffness and inflammation in the spine or across the lower back e.g. sacro-iliac joints
  • Spondylolisthesis – a bone slipping out of position causing pain and stiffness, or numbness


  • Fractures (any upper + lower limb, spine)
  • Stress fractures – tiny cracks in bone due to repeated stress (common in high impact sports like running)
  • Dislocations e.g. shoulder – the upper arm pops out of the shoulder joint causing severe pain. Caused by heavy impact or a fall

Bone Infection

  • Osteomyelitis – this causes pain and discomfort, and can be rapidly progressing to any bone(s) in the body

Spinal problems (Back pain)

  • Slipped disk – a disc in the spine presses on a nerve causing intense pain
  • Sciatica – a condition affecting the nerve that runs from the pelvis down the bag of the legs to the feet
  • Cauda equina syndrome – severe compression of lower back nerves

General Orthopaedic complaints

  • Tendinopathy – swollen, painful tendons around the body
  • Bursitis – swollen bursa (fluid-filled sac beneath the skin) e.g shoulders,  hips and elsewhere around the body
  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome – caused by a pinched nerve in the wrist
  • Rotator cuff tear – pain and extreme stiffness in the shoulder caused by injury or progressive degeneration
  • Trigger digit

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