Injections of anaesthetic and/or steroids into the joint can be an effective form of pain relief for people with chronic joint pain or musculoskeletal injuries. They can also be used to remove excess fluids, for example from cysts and ganglions.
A frozen shoulder can be extremely painful. It is caused by inflammation of the joint lining and/or restricted movement due to the formation of scar tissue. Read our mini-guide to shoulder Hydrodilatations, a treatment that can help ease the pain of a frozen shoulder.